It is August 25, 1938 in the gardens of the villa of Richard Wagner in Lucerne, the famous composer Toscanini lifted his baton to conduct an orchestra elite among them renowned soloists and musicians of the quartet rooms virtuosos like Bush . The opportunity to play and listen to music masterpieces in the idyllic setting of Lake Lucerne seems to be a glimmer of hope for many in a period of darkness. Germany and Austria are now fallen into the clutches of the Nazi dictatorship, artists refused to perform in Beirut or Salzburg. But the independence of Switzerland and Lucerne and its charming historic city, seems destined for a music festival. It is therefore no coincidence that the month of August saw the birth of the Lucerne Festival that attracts the cream of the crop each summer. Soloists, orchestras and conductors come from all corners of the globe. Many things are changed from the beginning that only hosted 10 concerts. Today, hundreds of events are organized during the festival season and each is placed in a theme that governs the programming. Thus the work of the great revolutionary Richard Wagner's opera, which will celebrate its 200th anniversary in 2013, will be one of the highlights with Jonathan Nott, Bamberg Symphony Orchestra and soloists as high-flying Klaus Florian Vogt which present the entire Ring des Nibelungen, in which Wagner has worked during his years Tribschen near Lucerne. We welcome Israeli composer in residence Czernowin Chaya, the young JACK Quartet, under the title of "star performers," we present the pianist Mitsuko Uchida and drummer-percussionist Martin Grubinger in all facets of their art. Of course the elite of the international music scene is invited to: conductors cults, Claudio Abbado and Daniel Barenboim, Simon Rattle Christian Thielemann.