Located in the heart of the historic center of the city, the Mosque of Cordoba is one of the most beautiful monuments of Muslim art in Spain. The Mosque of Cordoba is a mixture of architectural styles that have succeeded for nine centuries, over the different phases of change. The mosque was built by the Emir Abd al-Rahman I in the year 785, on the remains of a former Visigothic church, the church of San Vicente. The mosque was enlarged several times over the following centuries. Thus, Abd al-Rahman III ordered the construction of a new minaret. In 961, Al-Hakam II broadens the base of the building and decorated the mihrab (one of the world's largest). The last modification was made by al-Mansur in 987, and influenced the interior. The result is a beautiful maze of columns, double row of arcades, which combine different arcs. In 1523, after the Christian conquest, a cathedral was erected in the mosque. Byzantine mosaics and carved marble complement the decor.
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