Horton Plains National Park is the highest plateau of Sri Lanka, it is characterized by a beautiful landscape of hills, covered with forests and mountain meadows at an altitude of 2100 m. This is a popular tourist destination located 32 km (20 mi) from Nuwara Eliya. Horton Plains was designated as a wildlife sanctuary and because of its value for biodiversity, it was elevated to a national park in 1988. The Peak Wilderness Sanctuary, which lies to the west, adjoining the park. The area covered by Horton Plains is 3160 hectares. Horton Plains contains the largest area of cloud forest that still exist in Sri Lanka. Horton Plains National Park, the Peak Wilderness Sanctuary and Knuckles Mountain Range is currently on a tentative list of potential World Heritage sites. The park contains a wide variety of flora (57 species, 29 endemic to Sri Lanka) and 24 species of mammals such as elk, deer, giant squirrel, wild boar, wild hare, porcupine and leopard. For bird lovers, there are 87 species, including many migratory birds. The Plains also feature many interesting attractions such as Bakers Falls, Fireplace Pool and the famous End of the World (1130 m peak that offers breathtaking views of tea plantations and the distant shores of the south). Park visitors can take a loop of 10 km, allowing them to enjoy it while respecting the strict rules for environmental protection and nature conservation. The best time to visit is early morning when the air is likely to be clearer so you can enjoy the best view. In the afternoon, the clouds tend to go down and the area becomes flooded with haze.
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